Key Facts About Ulcers


By Dr Ellane Simon

These are sores that develop in the lining of the esophagus, stomach and small intestines. This occurs when acid damages the lining of the digestive tract. 

Causes include: H-pylori a bacterial infection, anti- inflammatory pain killers such as asprin, ibuprofen. Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, stress and spicy food worsens ulcers but do not cause them. 

Those with ulcers usually complain of: burping, passing excessive gas, bloody or dark poop, pain between belly button and breast bone when hungry, sometimes after meals or after certain types of food. 

Treatment should be administered by health professionals and these include medication to treat bacterial infection, drugs that reduce acid secretion and stopping all anti inflammatory drugs. 

Lifestyle modifications include: 

1. Reducing alcohol or stopping alcohol.

2. Weight reduction if overweight or obese. 

3. Reduce fatty foods and spices

4. Stop smoking

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