Migraine Headaches

By Dr Ellane Simon 

Zimbabwe Online Health Centre 

It is a headache of varying intensity accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound. Usually more common in females than males. Besides the headache, people may also experience pain in the face or neck, dizziness, lightheadedness, feeling of being unwell, scalp tenderness, irritability and an aura (feeling one experience which vary from chaotic distortions sometimes paraesthesia that happens before the headache).

Migraine headaches are also known to be associated with obesity and those with a family member who have a migraine headache. There is known cause but there are triggers that are known:

chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, hangover, oral contraceptives (should be avoided in those suffering from migraines), travelling.

Treatment can be divided into:

1. Lifestyle modification - stress management, sleep hygiene, diet modification, avoid known triggers 

2. Medication - prophylactic or therapeutic 

3. Therapy - muscle relaxation and acupuncture

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